Thursday, November 28, 2019
The Lottery free essay sample
The Lottery by Shirley Jackson is a short story about a small town and their unique summer tradition. This stories thematic element is conformity and rebellion, showing a clash between two well-articulated positions in which a rebel, on principle, confronts and struggles with established authority (Abacarian and Klotz, 289). Jacksons short story caught my attention through her suspenseful structural technique, and incorporation of a serious, seemingly absurd, event in a nonchalant manner. Mr. Summers, who devotes his time to running civic activities, runs this event very year on June 27th. The children are always the first to assemble, innocent to the severity of the event that is about to occur. The head of the household each picks a piece of paper out of a black box, and keeps it sealed until everyone has picked. At the same time all of the men open their papers, and whoevers family has the paper with the black dot has been selected. We will write a custom essay sample on The Lottery or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This year, it was the Hutchinson family. Now, the paper with the dot is placed back in the box along with more blank slips to equal the amount of people in the family. They each pick, and the person who picks the lack dot is the winner, who then gets stoned by the town. Until the very end of the short story the reader is very much unaware of the situation and why this lottery is taking place, which is one reason I picked this story. Suspense in a story is one of my favorite elements and always keeps me wanting to read in order to find out what happens. Through most of the story Jackson shows the town quite cheerful and happy, but she begins to hint towards a dramatic event with statements such as a sudden hush fell on the crowd Oackson,342), l wish theyd hurry. I wish theyd hurry Oackson, 343), and a long pause, a breathless pause Oackson, 343). Once I realized what the point of the lottery is, I quickly thought back through the story and realized how apathetic she was towards this event. Throughout the course of the story, Jackson showed many of the characters acting very casual and carefree, even though one of their towns members was about to be stoned. I liked the way Jackson incorporated the idea of stones with the children in the beginning of the story. This makes the reader originally question its relevance and shows the innocence of youth. She then follows later with the elderly man stating that he had been at these lotteries for seventy-seven years, which showed the town being used to the tradition and show normal it was to the society, and how it only negatively affects the person who won and their family. The characters discuss how many towns have gotten rid of this tradition, and Old Man Warner states Nothing but trouble in that,, Old Man Warner said stoutly. Pack of young fools0ackson, 342). This displays the theme of conformity and rebellion, since the younger generations want to get rid of the tradition, and the older enerations with more power over the society believe it is for the best. Even the death of an individual in their town they say is necessary and tradition, which I found astonishing. oliday atmosphere, which concludes with a horrific event. The holiday atmosphere is used to diminish the immortality of the event, but the author successfully uses the happiness to add suspense to the tradition and add a dark twist to the severity of it all. Overall, the suspense positively adds to the structure of the story and the casual aspect of the stoning and death of a citizen follows the theme of conformity and rebellion. The lottery free essay sample Shirley Jackson was a devoted mother and writer. Jackson didnÃ¢â¬â¢t fit in well in North Bennington, and the town likely served as the setting for the New England town portrayed in Ã¢â¬Å"The Lottery. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ caused outrage and controversy when it appeared in the New Yorker in 1948, but many critics now consider it to be JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous work. Jackson was sometimes thought to be a witch because of her interested in witchcraft and black magic. Almost all of JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s work is reflects horror, hauntings, witchcraft, or psychological unease. She also struggled with both mental and physical illnesses as an adult. Unlike other writers, she found the writing process pleasurable. Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ starts off in a town on a normal day with children going around and collecting rocks. The men of the households are called forward to a wooden box to draw slips of paper. When one of the men sees that he has the black dot on his slip, his wife immediately starts to argue with how the drawing wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t fair. We will write a custom essay sample on The lottery or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The family is brought to the stage where they are to draw their slips of paper. Tess (Mrs. Hutchinson) draws the paper with the black dot and is taken to the center of the town where the townÃ¢â¬â¢s people take their stones that the children collected earlier that day. As the villagers close in to primarily take TessÃ¢â¬â¢s life, all you can hear are her terrified shrilling screams. Shirley Jackson in her work Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ reveals the corrosive factors that result in our blind acceptance of morally questionable traditions that cause social paralysis. Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ starts off as a normal day in the village Ã¢â¬Å"it was clear and sunny with the fresh warmth of a full-summer dayÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 1). This is ironic because it starts off with this allusion of an enjoyable day but really by the end they end up killing one of their own villagers. Jackson does this to create a less serious atmosphere and reflect the attitudes of the community. Instantly, the boys are collecting rocks used to kill the lottery winner at the end of the story. This is an annual thing that the kids do because they have been raised and taught to do so. Because the kids are gradually and systematically exposed to these series of provoking objects and situations, they have become familiar with their actions making it an annual Ã¢â¬Å"gameÃ¢â¬ for the kids (Linz 1). It has become a Ã¢â¬Å"gameÃ¢â¬ for the kids because in the story it states that, Ã¢â¬Å"they gather together quietly for a while before they broke out into boisterous playÃ¢â¬ and that they Ã¢â¬Å"find the smoothest and roundest rocks to stuff in their pockets. Ã¢â¬ Because the kids are repeatedly exposed to this violence it diminishes the negative affect that was once upon them. They can no longer see it as wrong or feel remorse. They blindly accept this task thats given to them every year and donÃ¢â¬â¢t question it. The constant exposure to violence results in less physiological reactivity to other violent actions going on around them (Linz 1). The killing of the villagers is the violence going on. Collecting stones has become a ritual that they believe is right, because it is what they have been raised to do, even though it is wrong. They are just kids and havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been taught that it is morally wrong to be killing friends and family. An example is at the end of the story when Mrs. HutchinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s son was handed a few pebbles to throw at his own mother and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t hesitate. When they are repeatedly exposed to violence they are less depressed and enjoy the material more with constant subjection (Linz 2). Ã¢â¬Å"Both beamed and laughed (Jackson 6). Ã¢â¬ This shows how they still find joy in the situation even though they are about to kill a member of their family. The story goes on to talk about the families that are attending this so called lottery. The women are described as Ã¢â¬Å"housewives that gossipÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 1) and arenÃ¢â¬â¢t as authoritative as the men. While the boys are all collecting the stones, the women are Ã¢â¬Å"standing aside talking among themselves. Ã¢â¬ In the story Ã¢â¬Å"the women began to call their children, and the children came reluctantly, having called four or five times. Ã¢â¬ When their father calls to them Ã¢â¬Å"they came quicklyÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 1). It is as if their mothers hadnt even said anything. This shows how the men are portrayed as the head of the house and they women more as just the Ã¢â¬Å"housekeeper. Ã¢â¬ Their voices are not heard in this part of the story and neither at the end when Mrs. Hutchinson claims that, Ã¢â¬Å"It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t fairÃ¢â¬ and no one does anything about it but continues with the rest of the lottery. Women have been known to rarely work outside the house and live their lives caring for their husbands and children while taking care of their home. Most males are prevailed as the dominant gender. The women are seen on a lower status (Gender Prejudice 1). The lottery seems to be run mostly by the men of the town. They are the ones that are in charge of the black box and most of the ceremony. In the story the women are more resistant to the lottery while the men are the ones in control of it. This results in social paralysis of the town because no one wants to change how the lottery is run or who itÃ¢â¬â¢s run by. When its time for the drawing, Mr. Dunbar is unable to draw so because he and his wife donÃ¢â¬â¢t have kids the Ã¢â¬Å"Wife draws for the husbandÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 3). This all goes back to the role of the men and women in the village. The women are to produce many children so that it gives their family a better chance of surviving if their spouse is chosen in the first round (Oehlschlaeger 1). Men are the ones that go out and prevail in the business world while their wives stay home all day. When Mrs. Hutchinson arrives late she makes the statement that she Ã¢â¬Å"Thought my old man was out back stacking woodÃ¢â¬ and that she Ã¢â¬Å"WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have me leave mÃ¢â¬â¢dishes in the sink (Jackson 2),Ã¢â¬ implying that her husband was doing the hard labor out in the yard while she was inside doing dishes. They mention that most of the ritual has been forgotten over the years. Ã¢â¬Å"The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago (Jackson 1). It has become a habit that no one wants to stop. The lottery has become a social paralysis over time, not allowing anyone to step up and want to change or stop what the lottery is doing to their village. No one questions why they still do it and no one even really knows why they do it in the first place. It has lost its significance over the years and become a yearly act that no one has tried to stop. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to make a new box because Ã¢â¬Å"No one wanted to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box (Jackson 1). Tradition is a belief that has been passes down from generations, just like in Ã¢â¬Å"The Lottery. Ã¢â¬ Traditions are passes on to gain that sense of continuity and bonding through each other. They are supposed to create that special connection between the families and in this case the town. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not what it does though, No one knows the significants of the lottery anymore and no one questions either. Old Man Warner says, Ã¢â¬Å"Pack of crazy foolsÃ¢â¬ to the people that want to give up the lottery. They think that breaking this time-honored tradition would result in them Ã¢â¬Å"living in cavesÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 4). Traditions carry a sense of social and cultural patterns (Tradition 1), such as drawing the paper from the box and having the men draw first then the family. Even though Ã¢â¬Å"So much of the ritual had been forgotten or discarded (Jackson 2),Ã¢â¬ they still keep that cultural sense to it. The reverence regularly provided in tradition indicates that people follow it willingly even if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know why. Ã¢â¬Å"The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions. Ã¢â¬ People follow tradition unconsciously because itÃ¢â¬â¢s what they are taught to do. This is their blind acceptance of the lottery and social paralysis of not wanting to change what they have continued to do for numerous years. Traditions are invoked to preserve the sanctity of the past family rituals. Societies keep traditions for social connectedness and memories (Tradition 3). Throughout the story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Lottery,Ã¢â¬ Shirley Jackson uses harsh examples of how the village blindly accepts their morally questionable traditions resulting in social paralysis. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to change anything about the lottery even though most of the significance has been lost over the years. There is evidence throughout the story that shows how the people blindly accept what they are doing to their town and do it without question. This all demonstrates how society never changes or grows resulting in the social paralysis of the story. Their is social paralysis going on all around the world. Even in Pakistan there are people refusing to act upon the issue of suicide happening at large rates ( Poverty and Social Paralysis. ) The lottery is just an example of how some societies refuse to change even though what they are doing needs to or should be stopped.